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Right to be Put Into Removal Proceedings to Seek Relief

Does a foreign national have the right to be put into removal proceedings in order to seek relief from removal, such as cancellation of removal?

No.

“A noncitizen has no right to be placed in removal proceedings by DHS for the purpose of seeking relief. See Matter of Andrade Jaso and Carbajal Ayala, 27 I&N Dec. 557, 558–59 (BIA 2019) (granting DHS’ motion to dismiss removal proceedings under 8 C.F.R. § 239.2(a)(7) (2018) because the respondent filed a meritless asylum application with USCIS for the sole purpose of seeking cancellation of removal in removal proceedings).” SeeMatter of H. N. Ferreira, 28 IN Dec. 765 at 768 (BIA 2023).

The decision by DHS to commence removal proceedings is not reviewable by Immigration Judges or this Board. E.g., Matter of J-A-B- & I-J-V-A-, 27 I&N Dec. at 170; Matter of Bahta, 22 I&N Dec. 1381, 1391 (BIA 2000); Matter of G-N-C-, 22 I&N Dec. 281, 284 (BIA 1998); See also Matter of H. N. Ferreira, 28 IN Dec. 765 at 768 (BIA 2023).

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