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Percentage of Immigrants Represented by an Attorney in Immigration Court

The percentage of immigrants that are represented by an attorney in removal proceedings varies substantially from city to city. Regardless of location, most immigrants that are ordered removed are not represented.

COURTS WITH HIGHEST PERCENTAGE OF REPRESENTED RESPONDENTS

COURT% REPRESENTED
Hawaii56%
California49%
New York44%
Virginia43%
Massachusetts41%
Nebraska41%
Pennsylvania39%
Maryland38%
Minnesota37%
Nevada35%
Washington35%

COURTS WITH LOWEST PERCENTAGE OF REPRESENTED RESPONDENTS

COURT% REPRESENTED
US TOTAL30%
UTAH23%
Oregon22%
Florida21%
Tennessee19%
Connecticut19%
Texas18%
Georgia18%
North Carolina17%
New Mexico14%
Colorado14%

Immigrants Ordered Removed & Percent With Attorney

Immigration Courts with the most removal orders issued October 2023 – March 2024
IMMIGRATION COURT RANKORDERED REMOVED# WITH ATTORNEY% WITH ATTORNEY
New York City, NY 110,8971,46913%
Harris County, TX (Houston) 28,3361,38217%
Los Angeles County, CA 35963124721%
Dallas County, TX 428151365%
Miami-Dade County, FL 5252136815%
Montgomery County, TX (Conroe)* 61,96838820%
San Bernardino County, CA 71,70338322%
Travis County, TX (Austin) 81,6641237%
Orange County, CA (Santa Ana) 91,57641226%
Cook County, IL (Chicago) 101,527
17912%
Ranking of Places With the Most Residents Ordered Removed in Immigration Court Proceedings During FY 2024 (October 2023 – March 2024)
Data from TRAC Report
* Jurisdiction of a large ICE contract detention facility owned and operated by the GEO Group (a for-profit company which runs private prisons).
Number of Immigrants Ordered Removed & Number of Immigrants with An Attorney At Immigration Court

The Difference Having a Lawyer Makes

The percentage of immigrants in removal proceedings that are represented by counsel appears to hover between 22% – 30% with 2021 being an outlier in which 52% of immigrants ordered removed were not represented. See the chart below based on TRAC Immigration Court Data-Full TRAC Report Here.

Percent of Immigrants With Attorneys Ordered Removed in Immigration Court

Fiscal YearOrdered RemovedHad an AttorneyPercent with Attorney
201478,53817,06322%
201581,76717,42421%
201679,72019,56725%
2017101,46927,34127%
2018120,34340,42834%
2019187,03958,97132%
2020164,43047,98529%
202138,02119,91052%
2022111,83036,03832%
2023236,72647,81620%


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